What Is Allergy/Immunology?
Allergy/immunology is a special medicine field targeted on people with all kinds of allergic reactions. This field is very complicated and intricate since till the present moment many allergic processes still remain unknown and understudied. It is engaged in diagnosing, managing, and curing people of all ages suffering from all kinds of immune system disorders. These disorders include not just eczema, anaphylaxis, asthma, and rhinitis but also adverse reactions to noxious animal bites (snake, spiders, bees, scorpions), foods, and medications. It also deals with organ transplantation complications and autoimmune diseases.
Relation Between Allergy and Immune System
Allergy is a disorder known as one of the most frequently-occurring medical conditions all over the globe. Any allergic reaction starts in the human immune system when actually this system begins reacting hostilely to virtually any innocuous substance.
These substances may include pollen, mold, dust, some food components, and many others. When a hypersensitivity to any substance develops, an individual becomes allergic to it, while the substance itself turns to be an allergen. The immune system starts struggling against an enemy in the form of allergen by synthesizing antibodies. The immune system reactions to the allergen may greatly range from mild ones such as sneezing, coughing, itching, runny nose, wheezing, watery eyes, etc. to severe ones such as anaphylaxis which may even endanger a person’s life.
Allergies may become a burning issue for any person. Social status, sex, age, and race don’t matter when it comes to the allergy development. But usually, children and individuals from the families with allergy history run a higher risk of suffering from allergies. Food allergy, allergic rhinitis, asthma, hives, and eczema are just a few kinds of allergies to mention.
Allergy may manifest itself for the first time at literally any age and then disappear for years. But the remission can come to an end at any moment under the influence of many factors. The changes in hormone levels, constant stress, perfume, smoke, environmental pollutants, specific foods, even provided that a person takes the high-quality OTC diet pills packed with vitamins and nutrients, can become the triggers of allergy. And each next time after the remission, allergy may become more and more severe.
Who Is an Allergist-Immunologist?
Allergist-immunologist is a physician who undergoes special training for diagnosing and treating both children and adult people, suffering from allergic reactions, asthma, and immunologic diseases such as primarily immunodeficiency disorders. The allergists/immunologists deal with both widely known and extremely rare diseases which may involve different organs and body systems. These diseases develop in people of all ages regardless of their body weight, supplementation with all-natural fat burners, physical activity, and social status.
The specialty in which the allergists/immunologists work is very demanding because it represents the ever-changing discipline. In the majority of cases, the allergists/immunologists treat patients in the office based settings. But the practice in hospital environment also may take place and have a strong positive impact on the treatment outcomes. Some allergists/immunologists decide to work in private offices or teaching clinics. The other doctors choose to carry out research activities at medical schools and universities. There are also the allergists/immunologists who are engaged in the work of industry or government. Many academic allergists/immunologists often simultaneously successfully provide patient health care along with researching and teaching.
Relation Between Immune and Rheumatologic Issues
The human immune system is functioning in a way that must ensure a reliable protection against the attacks of extraneous aggressors, for example bacteria and other germs. But sometimes the failure of the immune system’s protection mechanism happens. And then the immune system may start playing a crucial and negative role in the development of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. In this case, rheumatology is regarded in the light of medical immunology in both research and practice aspects. Due to this, the rheumatologists are involved in treating the immune-induced diseases which touch on the musculoskeletal system. These diseases also include vasculitis, different kinds of autoimmune diseases, inherited connective tissue disorders, and soft tissue disorders. That’s why the clinical immunologists often closely cooperate with the rheumatologists in order to find the most adequate treatment solution for the patients.
When to See an Allergist?
If you suspect the availability of allergies, it’s necessary to go to a specialized healthcare provider. An allergist is exactly a doctor who you should refer to because this medical expert cures allergic diseases. This medical specialist will inform you about the causes of allergy and how to stop exposure to allergy triggers.
It’s advisable to plan an allergist’s consultation in case of:
- Availability of symptoms like nasal stuffiness, runny nose, runny eyes, and cough which duration exceeds three months and substantially complicates the daily activities or doesn’t let sleep normally.
- Intake of the non-prescription remedies doesn’t ease the symptoms of allergic reactions. But note that the top-notch OTC testosterone boosters don’t affect the efficacy of anti-allergic remedies.
- Frequent headaches, nasal stuffiness, ear infections, and sinus infections.
- Constant snoring and frequent episodes of insomnia which make sleep unrefreshing.
- Availability of other medical conditions besides allergy. These medical conditions include hypertension, heart disease, glaucoma, thyroid disease, kidney disease, prostate enlargement, liver disease, diabetes, and overweight which may require sticking to low carb diets and changing the lifestyle habits. In this case, you are discouraged from taking any anti-allergic remedies until the doctor confirms you can use them safely.
If any allergy develops in children or elderly adults, they should visit an allergist to get a checkup prior to the application of any treatment methods.
What Does an Allergist Do?
When you schedule an allergist’s appointment, you can expect that this medical specialist will:
- Diagnose an allergy: The allergist has all necessary expertise and competence to exactly find out whether you really deal with an allergy and diagnose a kind of allergy. Sometimes, the symptoms of infectious diseases resemble the signs of allergy. That’s why the doctor should rule out the availability of an infection. Only in this case it’s possible to get an adequate and timely treatment.
- Determine allergy triggers: It’s important to precisely figure out what causes your allergic reactions in order you could protect yourself against the negative influence of allergy triggers and prevent allergy flare ups. For this reason, you will have to do special tests to clearly identify the allergy triggers.
- Create a treatment strategy: Such a treatment strategy will enable you to take the right measures towards combating allergies. You will get to know what medications can relieve your symptoms and how not to become exposed to the factors which aggravate your allergy. You will also be able to resist the development of a severe allergy.
- Prescribe proper remedies: For the allergy patients, it’s crucial to take the well-working remedies to effectively tackle the issue of allergy. In some cases, the natural drugs which can be bought without a prescription may be helpful, while in other cases the reasonably selected prescription medications bring a desirable relief. The allergist will recommend you the remedies best exactly in your particular situation. The high-quality all-natural HGH supplements from the reliable manufacturers will not interact with the anti-allergy medications.
- Manage allergy symptoms: The allergist is engaged in the appropriate management of allergy symptoms supporting the patient’s efforts to prevent the exacerbation of allergic reactions. The allergist will help you put your allergy under strict control.
Symptoms of Allergies
The symptoms of allergy may be very diverse depending on many factors. But the type of allergy and allergy severity have the most determinative impact on which manifestations of allergy a particular person may have.
The intake of any drug prior to an anticipated allergic reaction can’t completely eliminate allergy symptoms but can decrease them.
It’s possible to distinguish the following allergy symptoms based on what causes an allergy in a certain person.
Food allergy symptoms
The most widespread symptoms of food allergies include hives, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, itching, nasal stuffiness, difficulty breathing, stredulous breathing, stomach ache, loose stools, faintness. One of the most dangerous symptoms of food allergy is swelling which touches on throat, tongue, face, and lips. Anaphylaxis is the most dangerous food allergic reaction which may even pose a threat to life, especially in children.
In case you face a strong reaction after eating and you don’t know to which food exactly, you should instantly seek medical assistance. The healthcare provider will determine which food causes allergy and send you to an allergist if necessary.
Seasonal allergy symptoms
Seasonal allergies usually take a form of hay fever which symptoms resemble a cold. Among these symptoms, one can note running nose, nose blockage, congestion, sneezing, itchy eyes, watery eyes, swollen eyes, postnasal draining, as well as itchy ear canals, throat, and sinuses. The severeness of these symptoms may substantially vary. The rarely occurring seasonal allergy symptoms are coughing, stredulous breathing, difficulty breathing, and headache.
The large number of hay fever sufferers are also diagnosed with asthma. If a person is diagnosed with both hay fever and asthma, there is a high probability that seasonal allergy may provoke an asthma attack. In the majority of cases, the patients can keep the seasonal allergy symptoms under control in home conditions. But if you are no longer able to manage these symptoms as usually, you should visit a healthcare provider.
Severe allergy symptoms
Severe allergy may provoke anaphylaxis with a high probability. Anaphylaxis is an extremely strong, rapidly emerging and progressing allergic reaction which may even lead to death if there is no emergency medical aid. It is accompanied with asphyxia, dizziness, loss of consciousness, racing heart, hypotension, and airway constriction.