Cardiology

Lipid Management Clinic

Through a computerized cardiovascular disease-tracking program, we maintain follow-up on over 1,000 patients. Using NCEP guidelines, we offer diet pills, exercise and medication counseling, aiding in overall risk reduction and cholesterol management.

Anticoagulation Clinic

For the convenience and safety of our patients, we give protime testing and on the spot expert instruction regarding the use of Coumadin, a blood thinning medication.

Pacemaker Clinic

Charlotte Cardiology Associates comprehensive pacemaker clinic provides computerized tracking systems and transtelephonic patient evaluations. The latest computerized programs are utilized during clinic visits for the most up-to-date monitoring and adjustments of pacemaker settings. Appointments may be made at Charlotte, Cornelius, Monroe, Albemarle, Pineville, and Lancaster, S.C. locations.

What Is Sports Cardiology?

Sports cardiology is a specific branch of cardiology. It safeguards the cardiovascular health of sportsmen and other people who want to lean an active lifestyle but who suffered from cardiovascular diseases in the past or who had undiagnosed cardiovascular problems. This cardiology realm involves multiple aspects of cardiology including electrophysiology, exercise physiology, cardiac imaging, and structural heart disease.

Any highly professional sports cardiology pattern has to engage the competent and experienced physicians who are acutely aware of the mentioned realms. Also, the team of sports cardiology doctors has to be comprised of the medical specialists highly competent in pediatric heart, congenital heart disease, inherited diseases. There should be also electrophysiologists, cardiovascular imagers, heart failure specialists, and exercise physiologists. All these medical experts have to cooperate and share own experience to evaluate the state of heart health in sportsmen as well as provide the athletes with professional advice on how to exercise safely and not to put own life into jeopardy.

The sports cardiologists also seek for the assistance of athletic coaches, trainers, and even family members of the sportsmen. This is required in order to guarantee the truly effective multi-faceted approach to the sportsmen’s health care.

What Do Sports Cardiologists Do?

The major tasks of sports cardiologists are as follows:

  • Precise study of sportsman’s medical history
  • In-depth study of sportsman’s sports history
  • Assessment of sportsman’s symptoms
  • Physical exam of the cardiovascular system
  • Electrocardiogram testing
  • Diagnostic cardiac tests including cardiopulmonary exercises tests and the others
  • Specific laboratory testing
  • Athletic nutrition recommendations including advising on the intake of high-quality testosterone boosters
  • Appraisal of sports medications and reasonability of their use
  • Adequate physical therapy
  • Exercise recommendations to maintain proper athletic activities and enhance sports performance
  • Recommendations to visit the other medical experts in case that sports cardiologist can’t help a sportsman solely
  • Development of the appropriate treatment approach, enabling a sportsman to continue sports activities without a risk to the health

What Is Cardiology?

Cardiology is an internal medicine field that specializes in the diagnostic, management, and treatment of the diseases, affecting heart and blood vessels. Among the others, it focuses on preventing and curing valvular heart disease, coronary artery disease, heart failure, congenital heart defects, and electrophysiology.

While cardiology itself is a medical specialty, it has several distinctive subspecialties such as echocardiography, nuclear cardiology, cardiac electrophysiology, interventional cardiology, and sports cardiology. The latter one is at the same time a part of sports medicine.

People who have cardiovascular issues have to consult a cardiologist. It’s worth noting that a cardiologist and a cardiac surgeon are two different doctors. A cardiac surgeon specializes in performing surgical procedures inside the chest, while a cardiologist treats the patients without a surgical invasion.

When a Patient Should See a Cardiologist?

First of all, if any person has an ailment, this person should visit a family physician. This medical specialist will appraise a patient’s complaints. If these complaints indicate the symptoms of a cardiovascular disease, a physician will recommend a patient to visit a cardiologist.

A patient has to seek for a cardiologist’s aid when having the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Heart rate or rhythm abnormalities
  • Constant fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • High blood pressure
  • Obesity even provided that a patient takes fat burners and tries to lose weight

A cardiologist performs special tests for determining an abnormal heart rhythm and a heart murmur. These doctors also use many other tests to find out how the heart and the whole cardiovascular system function and what treatment strategy is needed.

The cardiologists work with the patients who have experienced heart failure, heart attack, or any other cardiovascular medical conditions. These doctors assist in deciding whether angioplasty, heart catheterization, stenting, and heart surgery are a reasonable solution in each particular case.

The cardiologists are responsible for the treatment in the following cases:

  • Atherosclerotic vascular disease
  • Hypertension
  • Ischemic heart disorder
  • Congenital heart lesion
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Pericarditis
  • Ciliary arrhythmia
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Ventricular tachycardia
  • Abnormal blood cholesterol levels
  • Abnormal triglyceride levels

The cardiologists not only treat these diseases when they have already affected a person. Thus, one of the most crucial tasks of any cardiologist is to help people timely take preventive measures in order not to develop any heart medical condition.

Any individual can consult a cardiologist even provided that there are no signs of cardiovascular diseases but there is a family history of such diseases. People with diabetes and high cholesterol levels as well as people who are smoking should also see a cardiologist.

Role of Palliative Care in Cardiology

There is a tendency for the population aging in the U.S. while the medicine technologies, diagnostic, and treatment methods develop in leaps and bounds. And cardiology is not an exception. This particularly refers to the older people with advanced heart failure. These people now can prolong their life duration like never in the past due to the emergence of the innovative treatment techniques in cardiology.
Longevity in the elderly heart failure sufferers is closely related to the necessity of frequent stay in hospitals and the overload with different cardiovascular symptoms, which are typically very complicated for the proper management.

The cardiologists take the undisputed lead in treating acute heart failure aggravation. However, the elderly people suffering from heart failure are the difficult to manage patients who require the development and implementation of multi-faceted and multidisciplinary strategy not only to the physical treatment but also to psychological aspects of work with such patients.
The older patients are an extremely oversensitive and easily offended group of patients. That’s why the treatment of elderly people with heart failure demands the engagement of palliative care. If the palliative care is involved at the early stage of treatment of cardiac older patients, this promotes a considerable improvement of the elderly’s quality of life and relieves the manifestation of heart failure.

And if the disease prognosis is unfavorable, it’s also crucial to integrate end-of-life care into the management of older patients. This type of care is very helpful for both the elderly patients and their family members.

Symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases

Different types of cardiovascular diseases may have their own symptoms which actually distinguish these diseases one from another. But there is a range of most common symptoms which mean you should visit your healthcare provider without a delay:

  • Enormous tiredness and exhaustion
  • Nausea
  • Frequent lightheadedness and dizziness
  • Racing heart exceeding 100 beats per minute
  • Heartbeat irregularity
  • Chest discomfort, pressures, and pain
  • Troubled breathing and labored breathing regardless of availability of physical activity
  • Cough or respiratory infection that aggravates
  • Confusion and excitement
  • Troubled sleeping
  • Decrease in appetite
  • Cold sweats
  • Discomfort and pain in jaw, elbows, arms, back, and left shoulders

The mentioned symptoms may mimic the signs of other diseases. Only the doctor can determine what exactly disease they indicate.

The situation with cardiovascular health may be exacerbated if the patient has overweight or obesity. Though the intake of OTC appetite suppressants is beneficial, the unsolved problem of excessive weight contributes to the quicker development of cardiovascular diseases.

In this case, the use of carb blockers and other natural remedies as a part of body weight management can be used for relieving the cardiovascular symptoms.

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