What Is Depression?

depression

Depression Statistics

The international statistics indicates that the number of people, suffering from depression, exceeds 264 million all over the globe. This depression may range from the short-term emotional reactions to the daily routine problems to the long-term extremely sever mental disease. And in the latter case, depression may end with suicide. According to the statistics, at least 800 000 people per year die because of depression-induced suicide in the world. Moreover, a depression-related suicide is ranked second among the death causes among people aged between 15 and 29. And though the well-working methods to fight depression exist, still from 76% to 85% of people throughout the world don’t have an access to the professional depression therapy.

The U.S. statistics tells that depression is a burning issue for more than 17 million adult people in the United States. This is more than 7% of the adult U.S. population aged over 18. Among them, there are more women than men. As for people under 18 years old, approximately 2 million children got a diagnosis of depression. Also, the statistics shows that more than two-thirds of all U.S. suicides committed per year are the results of undiagnosed and untreated depression.

The studies have confirmed that people with diagnosed depression become much more susceptible to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disorders such as coronary artery disease. Thus, coronary artery disease is 64% more likely to happen in depressed people. Moreover, the scientists and doctors forecast that depression will become the second major cause of physical disability all over the globe over the next two decades.

Depression Treatment

To effectively and timely cure depression, the medical experts apply a variety of psychological treatment techniques including interpersonal psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and behavioral activation. The doctors also often prescribe different antidepressant medications including tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The depression treatment approach may be both individual and group-based depending on the situation.

If a person suffers from depression because of overweigh and obesity, the traditional depression treatment techniques may be supported with the intake of reliable weight loss pills that work for women.

Depression in Menopausal Years

The perimenopause and then the following menopausal years in women are always accompanied with unforeseen hormone changes in the body.

This hormonal imbalance is also complemented with the aging changes, reproductive function decline, diminished sexual activity, unusual body appearance, and stress. Since during menopause the ovarian hormones dramatically fluctuate, this leads to the major mood swings which in their turn may develop into depression.

The situation may be aggravated with the fact that the sleeping pattern in women in menopausal years also worsens because of the night sweats. Sleep deprivation also contributes to depression. The women who feel that their psychological health is negatively affected during perimenopause or later should seek for medical aid.

Depression in Obese People

It’s a scientifically proven fact people who suffer from obesity run a much higher risk of having a depression. And contrariwise, the individuals with anxiety and depression can gain the body weight as a result of a certain disease or pharmaceutical treatment of this disease even if they take the natural fat burners.

Also, anxiety and depression are closely related to emotional eating that causes overeating, forms unhealthy eating habits, and makes people lead a sedentary lifestyle. Though these people may use the OTC appetite suppressants, obesity can anyway develop.

The statistics provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that more than 40% of adult people with diagnosed depression also suffer from obesity. Also, according to the CDC, adult people suffering from the confirmed depression are much more predisposed to the development of overweight and obesity comparing to the people with the healthy body weight.

There is also a scientific evidence that BMI in children with depression frequently exceeds BMI in children without the body weight problems. In addition, the study had demonstrated that children with diagnosed depression were much more prone to obesity.

Depression Diagnosis

The laboratory tests able to immediately diagnose the availability of depression don’t exist. However, some tests are applied to exclude the other medical conditions. Thus, the healthcare provider can recommend you to do a blood test and overall physical exam in order to find out whether the other diseases could have the negative impact on your mood and overall psychological state.

There are the prescription drugs as well as medical conditions like severe hormonal imbalance, thyroid disorder, and viral infection which provoke the symptoms able to mimic depression.

If the family physician excludes all the other medical conditions after the precise appraisal of your physical exam results and existing symptoms, the doctor can send you to a certified mental health therapist. The professional counselor will further work on diagnosing depression by means of special techniques.

Major Depression

Major depression is in fact the most widespread type of depression. It is also classified as unipolar depression or classic depression. According to the U.S. statistics, more than 16 million adult people have ever suffered from no less than one episode of major depression. Major depression can develop for a variety of reasons, and folic acid deficiency is just one to mention.

The symptoms of major depression haunt people almost non-stop, from day to day. A person can do nothing with it, just like in case with the majority of other mental health issues. From the perspective of other people, a person may have everything the others need for happiness and prosperity, but the depressed person continues suffering. It means that each person regardless of own social and personal background and without objectively reasonable cause can at any time become a victim of major depression. And this condition is beyond the sufferer’s control.

The symptoms of major depression, which is really a severe mental disorder, are as follows:

  • Despair, distress, and sorrowfulness
  • Inability to fall asleep or to the contrary excessive sleepiness
  • No physical and emotional energy
  • Appetite decrease or to the contrary enormous emotional eating
  • Muscle aches and other body pains
  • No interest in any activities
  • Impairment of memory and concentration
  • Difficulty making decisions
  • Loss of hope and worth in everything around
  • Ever-lasting anxiety and nervousness
  • Thoughts of self-injuring and committing suicide

Some or all of the abovementioned symptoms can torture people suffering from depression for many weeks or months without any positive changes. There are the persons who report about just one major depression episode. At the same time, other people suffer from the manifestations of major depression for decades, sometimes till the end of life. Notwithstanding the duration of major depression symptoms, they contribute to the drastic worsening of depressed people’s relationships with other people.

Overweight and depression increases the risk of major depression. And in this case, it will not be enough to just take the prescription medications and medically approved natural carb blockers to solve the problem. Both psychotherapy and psychopharmalogic treatment are always required for overcoming this medical condition regardless of the primary cause.

Persistent Depression

Persistent depression is known as a depression which duration is equal or longer than two years. It is also classified as chronic depression or dysthymia. This depression type is inferior to major depression by severity but is able to substantially worsen the quality of a person’s life anyway.
The most common symptoms of persistent depression are as follows:

  • Deep blue sorrow and desperation
  • Poor self-confidence or feeling worthless
  • Loss of interest even in previously enjoyable things
  • Appetite fluctuations
  • Exhaustion and lack of energy even provided that a person takes the top-notch testosterone boosters or other energy-boosting natural remedies
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Impairment of memory, concentration, and focus
  • Troubles with performing daily activities
  • Decreased ability to feel pleasure or happiness
  • Social isolation

Notwithstanding the fact that persistent depression is a long-lasting kind of depression, its symptoms don’t remain equally severe within the entire depression period. Thus, sometimes a depressed person feels much better and the symptoms relieve, while over a time the symptoms start aggravating.

Since the duration of persistent depression is very long and frequently measured by many years, a person may even have no idea that he or she is dealing with a depression. In this case, a depression may be confused with a person’s specific mindset.

Bipolar Disorder, or Manic Depression

Manic depression is a former term used to name bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a range of interchanging phases of mania and hypomania, meaning extreme mood swings. Thus, the feeling of mad happiness can be quickly changed with the feeling of total grief and desperation.

A diagnosis of bipolar I disorder is set if a person had a mania episode with a duration of seven days or a fewer number of days provided that hospital stay is obligatory. This person may also have a depressive episode prior or during the manic period.

The symptoms of depressive episodes which are a part of bipolar disorder resemble the signs of major depression. These symptoms are as follows:

  • Feeling sad and empty
  • Exhaustion and no energy at all
  • Tiredness
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Inability to concentrate and focus properly
  • Low performance at work and at home
  • No interest in things which brought joy and happiness in the past
  • Thoughts of suicide

There are the following symptoms of manic period of bipolar disorder:

  • Enormous and unexplained energy burst
  • Insomnia
  • Feeling highly irritable
  • Rapid thinking and pressured speech
  • Grandiose thoughts
  • Too high self-confidence
  • Impulsive and unjustified risky behavior
  • Elation and euphoria

There may be also the episodes of delusions and hallucinations in the worst situation. Hypomania is typically not as intense as mania. Also, the episodes of mania and hypomania may be mixed so that a depressed person can experienced a mixture of different symptoms. Bipolar disorder has a strong destructive influence on a depression sufferer’s life.

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