What Is Depression?


The brains of men and SAD

Depression appears to be a link with the days getting shorter. Less time exposed to sunlight, our brains would work more on the way “night” and then produce a perturbation of a chemical. The production of melatonin, the hormone involved in sleep needs would increase, while exerting an effect on us tiring and depressing. While serotonin, it would diminish, “which would explain the increased appetite for sugar”. This depression “seasonal” is not equated with psychological disorders, but rather organic. Night workers or people living in a dimly lit area may also suffer, including summer. Some men can cure depression with testosterone boosters.

Light therapy SAD cons male

Your doctor will discuss with you whether this is a seasonal depression, whose symptoms decrease in general the return of spring. But this is no excuse for doing nothing. This is for you to cope better this time to find your tone, your libido, appetite and a “normal”. The love handles out of the winter is rarely good for morale! In addition to conventional treatments for depression based on psychotherapy, conducted by a specialist, and antidepressants, light therapy has also proven. This technique is to put 30 minutes a day about facing a light diffusing bright light (10 000 lux). In practice, this method affects our biological clock: the one that governs a number of our functions, such as reproduction, rhythm sleep wake, our mood. Some doctors practice light therapy in their offices. But as we know how you are reluctant, gentlemen, if only to see, and therefore to treat you, know that there are also lights that are used at home. However, take precautions and ask your doctor if you have no eye problems that could worsen the lights …

Depression, a disease prevalent among adolescent

Depression affects 1% of children and 5% of adolescents. This represents a considerable weight in terms of individual suffering as public health. This frequency is even more disturbing that the attempted suicide is a complication of depression.

Contrary to what we see in adults, the frequency of occurrence of depression is the same for girls and boys before adolescence. But at puberty, we note, as an adult, a sex ratio of 2 to 1 in favor of females. The explanations are primarily psychosocial: teenagers were significantly more likely than boys their age lower self-esteem with a negative perception of the body.

In children and adolescents, depression is rarely isolated

The Registry of anxiety disorders are associated with depression in 40 to 70% of cases. This may be separation anxiety, panic disorder, school phobia and learning disabilities in children.

Disruptive behavior (or conduct disorder), often occur before the depression they are a risk factor, they can also survive him. The risk behavior, particularly the use of alcohol or psychoactive drugs are often secondary to disorders of adolescent depression. They constitute an aggravating factor.

What are the signs of depression in children?

We need a listening ear to hear in the expressions and unspoken child sadness and pathological symptoms of depression.

In his difficulties with the school that changes in child behavior are attracting the attention of his family and teachers. A child who has difficulty concentrating will often react by avoiding or refusing to work unless there obstinate long hours without result. In both cases, it leads to school failure.

But children may also manifest depression in ways that will seem paradoxical: he becomes irritable, excited, exhausted in a sterile, is angry. At other times he falls back on him.

Often her appetite will change. In children little is the lack of appetite which prevails; adolescents, it will often be more cravings or bulimia true. As for sleep is still disrupted and the child refuses to sleep, has difficulty sleeping, difficulty sleeping, fatigue.

On the opposition to conduct a self worthlessness, sometimes reinforced by the reaction family is created a vicious circle in which depression worsens, without being recognized or even suspected.

Dealing with depression in children?

Before a change in behavior of a child or adolescent who can not be explained properly by a family event, social or personal, whether that change is hard, if suffering should be consulted.

The role of family doctor or pediatrician is important at both diagnostic and therapeutic. Making the diagnosis, explain to the family and get his help may be enough to overcome depression.

But if the problem persists and is resistant to this first approach, it is desirable to see a pediatric psychiatrist who may decide to support the most appropriate.

In children, it is rare that antidepressant drugs are indicated. However, they can be very useful in adolescents.

Several forms of psychotherapy can be used and the choice of one or the other is with the family and the child himself.

The children of a depressed person

Children of depressed parents are often more psychological problems than others. The risk is three times higher for them in regard to mood disorders.

The depression will not have the same impact on children, if it occurs in the mother or with father. It does not sound the same way a small child or adolescent.

* A study has shown that 24% of children aged 1 year born to depressed mothers exhibit disorders of the interaction. More recently, it has been shown that 40% of children of parents with affective disorders presented around birth receive psychiatric care during their adult life.

These findings support the value of multifaceted therapeutic interventions with the couple formed by a depressed mother and her baby.

The influence of parent-child relationship is paramount to the development of depressive disorders in children from infancy through adolescence. The age of adolescence is marked by major transformations both physical and biological and psychological. Having a parent or depressed at this age probably does not promote a harmonious development.

What future for a child depressive

The risk of relapse and recurrence of depression in adolescence may in fact reach 70% after 5 years (for depression characterized). However depressive disorder reaction is almost never followed by a major depressive episode.

As for becoming an adult, it is currently impossible to determine:

– Some studies show that many of the children called “at risk” have in adulthood, against all odds, better skills than subjects considered safe;
– Other studies show that depressed children, compared to a control group would have no depression in adulthood.
However depressed adolescents themselves, are much more prone to depressive disorders in adulthood than controls.

To conclude, as recommended by the consensus conference on depression in children: “we can and we must free ourselves of the simplistic equation of determinism that links the fatal disease of adult depressive disorders of the child”.

Depression Statistics

The international statistics indicates that the number of people, suffering from depression, exceeds 264 million all over the globe. This depression may range from the short-term emotional reactions to the daily routine problems to the long-term extremely sever mental disease. And in the latter case, depression may end with suicide. According to the statistics, at least 800 000 people per year die because of depression-induced suicide in the world. Moreover, a depression-related suicide is ranked second among the death causes among people aged between 15 and 29. And though the well-working methods to fight depression exist, still from 76% to 85% of people throughout the world don’t have an access to the professional depression therapy.

The U.S. statistics tells that depression is a burning issue for more than 17 million adult people in the United States. This is more than 7% of the adult U.S. population aged over 18. Among them, there are more women than men. As for people under 18 years old, approximately 2 million children got a diagnosis of depression. Also, the statistics shows that more than two-thirds of all U.S. suicides committed per year are the results of undiagnosed and untreated depression.

The studies have confirmed that people with diagnosed depression become much more susceptible to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disorders such as coronary artery disease. Thus, coronary artery disease is 64% more likely to happen in depressed people. Moreover, the scientists and doctors forecast that depression will become the second major cause of physical disability all over the globe over the next two decades.

Depression Treatment

To effectively and timely cure depression, the medical experts apply a variety of psychological treatment techniques including interpersonal psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and behavioral activation. The doctors also often prescribe different antidepressant medications including tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The depression treatment approach may be both individual and group-based depending on the situation.

If a person suffers from depression because of overweigh and obesity, the traditional depression treatment techniques may be supported with the intake of reliable weight loss pills that work for women.

Depression in Menopausal Years

The perimenopause and then the following menopausal years in women are always accompanied with unforeseen hormone changes in the body.

This hormonal imbalance is also complemented with the aging changes, reproductive function decline, diminished sexual activity, unusual body appearance, and stress. Since during menopause the ovarian hormones dramatically fluctuate, this leads to the major mood swings which in their turn may develop into depression.

The situation may be aggravated with the fact that the sleeping pattern in women in menopausal years also worsens because of the night sweats. Sleep deprivation also contributes to depression. The women who feel that their psychological health is negatively affected during perimenopause or later should seek for medical aid.

Depression in Obese People

It’s a scientifically proven fact people who suffer from obesity run a much higher risk of having a depression. And contrariwise, the individuals with anxiety and depression can gain the body weight as a result of a certain disease or pharmaceutical treatment of this disease even if they take the natural fat burners.

Also, anxiety and depression are closely related to emotional eating that causes overeating, forms unhealthy eating habits, and makes people lead a sedentary lifestyle. Though these people may use the OTC appetite suppressants, obesity can anyway develop.

The statistics provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that more than 40% of adult people with diagnosed depression also suffer from obesity. Also, according to the CDC, adult people suffering from the confirmed depression are much more predisposed to the development of overweight and obesity comparing to the people with the healthy body weight.

There is also a scientific evidence that BMI in children with depression frequently exceeds BMI in children without the body weight problems. In addition, the study had demonstrated that children with diagnosed depression were much more prone to obesity.

Depression Diagnosis

The laboratory tests able to immediately diagnose the availability of depression don’t exist. However, some tests are applied to exclude the other medical conditions. Thus, the healthcare provider can recommend you to do a blood test and overall physical exam in order to find out whether the other diseases could have the negative impact on your mood and overall psychological state.

There are the prescription drugs as well as medical conditions like severe hormonal imbalance, thyroid disorder, and viral infection which provoke the symptoms able to mimic depression.

If the family physician excludes all the other medical conditions after the precise appraisal of your physical exam results and existing symptoms, the doctor can send you to a certified mental health therapist. The professional counselor will further work on diagnosing depression by means of special techniques.

Major Depression

Major depression is in fact the most widespread type of depression. It is also classified as unipolar depression or classic depression. According to the U.S. statistics, more than 16 million adult people have ever suffered from no less than one episode of major depression. Major depression can develop for a variety of reasons, and folic acid deficiency is just one to mention.
The symptoms of major depression haunt people almost non-stop, from day to day. A person can do nothing with it, just like in case with the majority of other mental health issues. From the perspective of other people, a person may have everything the others need for happiness and prosperity, but the depressed person continues suffering. It means that each person regardless of own social and personal background and without objectively reasonable cause can at any time become a victim of major depression. And this condition is beyond the sufferer’s control.
The symptoms of major depression, which is really a severe mental disorder, are as follows:

  • Despair, distress, and sorrowfulness
  • Inability to fall asleep or to the contrary excessive sleepiness
  • No physical and emotional energy
  • Appetite decrease or to the contrary enormous emotional eating
  • Muscle aches and other body pains
  • No interest in any activities
  • Impairment of memory and concentration
  • Difficulty making decisions
  • Loss of hope and worth in everything around
  • Ever-lasting anxiety and nervousness
  • Thoughts of self-injuring and committing suicide

Some or all of the abovementioned symptoms can torture people suffering from depression for many weeks or months without any positive changes. There are the persons who report about just one major depression episode. At the same time, other people suffer from the manifestations of major depression for decades, sometimes till the end of life. Notwithstanding the duration of major depression symptoms, they contribute to the drastic worsening of depressed people’s relationships with other people.
Overweight and depression increases the risk of major depression. And in this case, it will not be enough to just take the prescription medications and medically approved natural carb blockers to solve the problem. Both psychotherapy and psychopharmalogic treatment are always required for overcoming this medical condition regardless of the primary cause.

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