Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Risk Factors
The medical experts and scientists admit that there are some groups of people who run a much higher probability to suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome. There is a range of risk factors which may indicate that you may face CFS problem and which may be a reason to timely consult your healthcare provider. These factors are as follows:
Age and Gender
For the women, the likelihood of developing CFS is 4 times higher than for the men. This disorder is non-typical for children. However, the girls are more predisposed to this syndrome, comparing to the boys.
Adult people between 30 and 50 years old most frequently suffer from this condition. As for the teenagers, they are most prone to CFS at the age of 13-15 years old.
It’s a scientifically proven fact that the whole family may have a history of chronic fatigue syndrome. Thus, there is evidence that CFS risk is inheritable from either a mother or a father due to a certain gene abnormality which is inherited.
Not only gene structure is important. Gene activity matters greatly as well. The studies have indicated that people, suffering from CFS, also have weak immune system due to the inactivity of certain genes responsible for the work of immune system.
Chronic fatigue syndrome is very often diagnosed in people who also suffer from the other medical conditions such as:
- Infectious diseases
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Tension headache
- Chronic prostatitis in men
- Chronic pelvic ache in women
- Idiopathic environmental intolerances
- Temporomandibular join dysfunction
- Post-concussion syndrome, occurring as a result of traumatic brain injury
- Interstitial cystitis characterized with bladder pressure and pain
- Obesity which requires the intake of both medications and fat burners of natural origin
When to Visit a Doctor
People should search for the medical advice if the cognitive issues and constant fatigue spoil their life and don’t allow carrying out the daily activities normally. So, if you notice that fatigue starts dealing a devastating blow to your usual lifestyle, you should schedule a doctor’s appointment. The healthcare provider’s consultation is especially important providing that chronic fatigue may be a symptom of many medical conditions, ranging from psychological diseases to serious life-threatening diseases.
What Are the Causes of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
The exact cause of chronic fatigue syndrome still remains undiscovered. The scientists and doctors anyway claim that the possible causes of CFS include but are not limited to:
- Severe or chronic stress
- Hormonal disorders
- Unhealthy immune system
There is also a scientific assumption telling that some individuals are more prone to the occurrence of CFS than the others.
In some cases, CFS happens simultaneously with the development of a viral infection, especially if a person suffers from a heart disease. But till the present moment, no one and only kind of infection was proved to provoke CFS.
There are still the viral infections which have been researched in the conjunction with CFS. Among the causes of these infections it’s possible to distinguish:
- Rubella virus
- Epstein-Barr virus
- Human herpesvirus 6
- Ross River virus
Bacterial infections affecting people because of Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Coxiella burnetii are also under the spotlight of the scientists as the possible causes of CFS.
How to Diagnose Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
Chronic fatigue syndrome is in fact not an easy disorder for diagnosing.
According to the U.S. medical statistics, the number of Americans who suffer from CFS accounts for more than 2 million people. But the majority of these people still don’t know for sure whether they have CFS since they are currently undergoing the diagnosis process.
The problem is complicated due to the fact that the medical testing for diagnosing CFS doesn’t exist at the present moment. The matter is that the CFS symptoms resemble the symptoms of numerous diseases. An individual who suffers from chronic fatigue syndrome and headache doesn’t show any visual signs of illness. That’s why for the healthcare providers it’s actually difficult to understand that such an individual really has any ailment.
To set the right diagnosis, the physician should analyze the patient’s medical history, study the patient’s current state of health, and exclude the existence of other medical conditions. Thus, the healthcare practitioner should find out what exactly symptoms, how long, and how strongly disturb the patient.
In this case, the exclusion of possible causes of CFS is a major element of diagnostics. There is a range of ailments with the manifestations similar to CFS:
- Difficulty sleeping
- Lyme disease
- Lupus (SLE)
- Multiple sclerosis
- Severe obesity even provided that the patient takes the doctor endorsed natural appetite suppressants
- Depression and other psychological disorders
The pharmaceutical therapy with the use of specific medications like antihistamines may also lead to the occurrence of side effects similar to CFS symptoms.
Since CFS is very easy to confuse with the other disorders, you shouldn’t try to self-diagnose and practice self-treatment. You will get a solution to your problem only in cooperation with your healthcare provider.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Treatment
At the present moment, the medicine still can’t offer special treatment methods for chronic fatigue syndrome.
The signs of CFS may differ from patient to patient. That’s why different treatment techniques may be applied for easing the manifestations of CFS.
The general physician will develop the most appropriate treatment approach for you, taking into account your medical history and current lifestyle which may for example include the intake of OTC testosterone boosters. The doctor will inform you about the probable adverse reactions and advantages of a certain treatment option.
Elimination of Post-Exertional Malaise (PEM) Symptoms
Post-Exertional Malaise is one of the most widespread manifestations of chronic fatigue syndrome. It can be described like a feeling of the overall ailment that follows any, even smallest mental or physical activity. PEM means that the other CFS symptoms are dramatically aggravating.
The symptom aggravation typically happens within the timeframe of 12 to 48 hours after a particular physical or emotional exertion. And the duration of this state may take from several days to several weeks.
It’s possible to prevent PEM if you determine your personal limitations on physical and mental load you can be subject to. When feeling that you are going to cross these boundaries, you need to use the relaxation techniques and take a rest.
The healthcare providers also recommend apply the energy envelope method, meaning the necessity to define the individual energy limitations for all kinds of activities. It’s not worth expanding beyond these limitations in order not to let acerbation happen. Strenuous aerobic training is contraindicated to the patients suffering from CFS.
Medications for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
The CFS symptoms are not stable and extremely changeable. That’s why it’s a quite intricate task to select the medications which may relieve the CFS manifestations. These medications don’t interact with the carb blockers which you may also take.
CFS is often a part of depression diagnosis. For this reason, the antidepressants in low dosages are prescribed to the patients with CFS. The patient may also be referred to a counselor.
If the person with CFS suffers from troubled sleep, sleep medications may be useful. The pain relief drugs are also frequently prescribed to overcome joint pain that accompanies CFS.
Procedure and Tests for Diagnosing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome can be in fact diagnosed if a doctor manages to rule out all other diseases which have similar manifestations. The diagnosis of CFS is often grounded on such facts:
- Specific symptoms have to be available. The patients who don’t have cognitive dysfunction also don’t suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome.
- Appropriate laboratory tests like immune system tests and blood tests which indicate CFS
The laboratory tests are typically applied to exclude the ailments which lead to sustainable tiredness. There is also a range of laboratory signs peculiar to CFS, which can confirm the diagnosis.
The healthcare provider may deem it necessary to do the tests such as:
- Tests ruling out other tiredness-provoking diseases: These are liver, adrenal and thyroid function tests which can be very helpful for this purpose. It means that the patients with CFS don’t have any problems with the findings of such tests, even provided that the OTC HGH supplements or other high-quality natural remedies are taken.
- Blood tests: An erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is typically the most telltale sign belonging to the laboratory results which indicates the existence of chronic fatigue syndrome. ESR measures the speed at which erythrocytes settle in the sample of blood that doesn’t clot. In case that ESR is at the very bottom of its healthy range, it demonstrates that there is no inflammatory process in the body and signals about CFS. But if ESR is increased or is at the top of normal rate, this may be a symptom of a medical condition different from CFS. If there are any other problems in blood tests, the medical specialist can exclude CFS and start setting a diagnosis for other disease.
- Antibody tests: The healthcare provider can recommend passing antibody tests to find out whether you suffered from an infectious disease like Epstein-Barr virus, Chlamydia pneumoniae pneumonia, and Lyme disease in the past.
Some imaging procedures may also be done:
- MRI of the head or CT scans are helpful to exclude the medical conditions afflicting the central nervous system. A person suffering from CFS will not have any troubles with the findings of such procedures, even provided that this person has excessive weight and take natural diet pills.
- Single-photon emission computed tomography and/or positron emission tomography scans demonstrate the reduction in blood circulation in certain brain zones such as the frontoparietal and temporal region. The decline in blood supply indicates the cognitive troubles like short-term memory impairment characteristic to chronic fatigue syndrome.
Prognosis for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
People who suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome typically feel the most prominent and troublesome manifestations of this conditions within the very first one to two years of the disease onset. When this period comes to the end, just an insufficient percentage of CFS sufferers manages to fully combat the symptoms of this ailment. Some people can even become unable to work and/or carryout the daily activities.
But the majority of patients with CFS can step by step resolve the disease to a great extent but not completely. In most cases, the improvements don’t enable CFS sufferers fully restore the previous degree of physical and mental performance. This medical condition answers to the treatment worse in the patients who:
- Experience disease manifestations in the long run
- Suffer from long-lasting depression
- Are in their 40s when the condition emerges
- Feels numerous physical signs of disorder