What Is Geriatrics?
Geriatrics is a branch of internal medicine targeted on eldercare. It primarily means the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of different medical conditions in elder adults. Elder adults are actually people who are 65 years old and older. However, it should be noted that the majority of people don’t require geriatrics assistance till they are in their 70s or even 80s.
Geriatrics is focused not only on the physical aspect of aging. It is also concerned in all changes which happen in psychological and sociological fields of elder adults’ life.
Who Is Geriatrician?
A geriatric doctor, also called geriatrician, is a medical professional who is involved in providing a health care for people over 65 years old. They belong to the internal medicine doctors or family physicians, who must also complement their medical expertise with training in realms interconnected with elderly care.
Also, geriatricians often have to acquire additional competence in combating diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, mobility disorders, dementia, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and arthritis.
Geriatric doctors can both consult the patients in clinics or hospitals and ensure care of elderly people in assisted living facilities.
What Are the Tasks of Geriatricians?
The tasks of geriatricians are far not limited to the provision of just medical care to seniors. These doctors put much emphasis to the maintenance of satisfactory quality of life in elderly.
Geriatricians devote much time to carrying out an in-depth study of the elder adults’ medical history in order to understand how previous medical conditions are related to the current state of health.
These doctors find out whether elder people get social and emotional aid from family and friends. Geriatric specialists determine whether their patients live in the elderly-friendly environment and how this environment influence on their quality of life.
The other important tasks of geriatricians include:
- Preparation of crucial healthcare guidelines and recommendations
- Management and supervision over the intake of all medications and supplements including the fat burners and other natural remedies
- Close cooperation with the doctors from other medicine fields if the patients have underlying conditions
- Provision of palliative and end-of-life physical support and psychological assistance
Depressive Disorders in Geriatrics
Geriatric depression is classified as a psychological condition that afflicts the elderly people. It doesn’t give a rise to concern if the older person feels sad or mopes from time to time just like any other person of any age. But if this mental state is continuing for quite a long time, it doesn’t mean that this is a norm during the aging process. And this situation requires a close attention of geriatricians.
The elderly people are more susceptible to be diagnosed with subsyndromal depressive disorder. This disorder may not include all the symptoms of a major depressive disorder. However, subsyndromal depressive disorder may further develop into major depressive disorder if it remains unattended by geriatricians.
The older person who suffers from a depressive condition is experiencing the constant worsening of life quality. Due to this, the diseases which the older individual has due to the aging process may drastically aggravate, the communication with family members becomes difficult, the life duration dramatically decreases, and the likelihood of suicide considerably grows.
The depressive disorder in geriatrics in not always a simple task to detect and diagnose. Such a condition demands highly competent geriatric treatment and adequate older adult’s care. Geriatricians shouldn’t underestimate the problem of depressive conditions in the elderly adults.
Geriatricians along with psychologists will choose the most appropriate treatment method which may include the prescription medication intake, lifestyle changes, and various types of therapies. Thus, the older people may successfully fight depressive disorders when combining pharmaceutical therapy with art therapy and psychotherapy.
Geriatric Medicine for Athletes
When a person reaches the age that refers to geriatrics, it doesn’t mean that such a person should stop taking testosterone supplements and refuse from sports activities, especially the professional ones. Geriatric athletes experience the same negative effects of the aging process such as sarcopenia, osteoporosis as well as gait and balance issues as the elderly people who are not the athletes.
Competent screening, intake of high-quality carb blocker pills by the overweight older adults, and timely preventive measures are advisable to the geriatric athletes in order to protect them against osteoporosis development, muscle weakness, and hip fractures.
There is a range of exercise programs which are especially recommended to the geriatric athletes. These training patterns have to consist of the exercises for flexibility, balance, and lower body weight-bearing. This will assist the geriatric athletes in keeping pelvis and hip as healthy and strong as possible. Such exercises will enable the aging athletes to avoid falls and hip fractures and hence protect themselves against serious and even life-threatening complications of such injuries.
Why Should Someone See a Geriatrician?
Typically, when a certain person reaches appropriate age, the number of diseases affecting this person raises. This is true even provided that the person goes in for sports and takes the high-quality HGH Supplements or any other nutritional products. Since the older people suffer from a greater number of ailments, these people have to undergo the pharmaceutical treatment with a greater number of medications as well. Numerous medication interactions and adverse reactions are hence very possible.
In many cases, the internal medicine doctors and general healthcare practitioners are able to cope with such medical problems of the elderly patients. But there are the situations when these patients require the medical experts who can bring into line the functions of doctors, focusing on several subspecialties, as well as deal with various prescription drugs, diagnostic tests, and medical records. And these doctors are the geriatricians.
The visit to a geriatrician at the age of 65 and older will be helpful to you or your family member for keeping under control the diseases like diabetes, arthritis, frequent urination, involuntary urination, memory deterioration, frequent falls, Parkinson’s disease, and polypharmacy. One older patient may have many of these conditions at the same time. Also, the elderly people often have problems with excessive weight and need a competent recommendation concerning the intake of diet pills.
In addition, there are the elderly people who feel too feeble. They find it very troublesome to regulate own everyday life and want to talk to the geriatrician about the end-of-life issues. In this case, a geriatrician’s advice and support is required.
However, it doesn’t mean that each person older than 65 years must obligatorily go to a geriatrician. The situation is determined with the real state of the older person’s health and the availability of diseases. The age based on birthday is not a determining factor for the referral to a geriatrician. Also, the family physician may assist you in deciding whether you should use the services of a geriatrician.
Caregiver’s Role in Geriatrics
The geriatricians may be very helpful to the caregivers who take care of the older patients. The caregivers should create a well thought-out care plan to facilitate the lives and maintain health of their parents, relatives or other people they take care of at the proper level. The caregivers are people without the medical education and in most cases even without the nursing qualification. These people need the assistance of a geriatrician who can competently guide the caregivers’ activities to simplify the caregivers’ tasks and effectively help the geriatricians’ patients. Besides the family members who perform the functions of caregivers, the geriatricians cooperate with the other members of health care team which work with the elderly patients. There can be a physical therapist, psychiatrist, nurse, and social worker in such a team.