Causes of Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is a medical condition that develops when your thyroid underperforms. It means that the thyroid gland ceases to synthesize the normal amount of hormones. This happens because a range of following reasons:
- Autoimmune disease: The most frequent factor contributing to the development of hypothyroidism is a disease called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis that belongs to the autoimmune diseases. People get this disorder when the immune system starts synthesizing antibodies, damaging the own tissues of the human body.
- Thyroid surgery: When the person loses a part or the whole thyroid gland, the body is no longer able to produce the adequate amount of hormones by itself.
- Radiation therapy: This therapy is applied to cure cancer located in the neck or head. Due to this, the thyroid gland becomes unable to perform its functions.
- Medications: Many strong prescription medications, especially those used to heal psychiatric diseases, can provoke hypothyroidism. The symptoms disappear when the person stops taking such drugs.
Treatment of Hypothyroidism
The typical hypothyroidism treatment implies the intake of artificial thyroid hormone called levothyroxine on a daily basis. The oral form of administering this hormone effectively fights the hormonal imbalance and substantially relieves the manifestations of hypothyroidism.
As soon as you start taking the hormone, you will feel much better. These medications also step by step decrease cholesterol levels which upsurge due to the medical condition development. As a result, the hormonal treatment may contribute to the reduction of body weight.
Since a special diet, which includes the adherence to a healthy nutrition plan and the intake of high-quality diet pills that work, may be very helpful for combating hyperthyroidism, it will also successfully complement the standard treatment strategy for this condition.
It’s important to understand that the pharmaceutical therapy with levothyroxine is going to last for the whole life. However, the dosage of hormone has to be constantly adjusted. The dosage may gradually increase during the lifetime. That’s why you have to regularly monitor your TSH level and measure its level at least once per year. And based on the results of the blood test, your healthcare provider will be able to correctly change levothyroxine dosage.
Hypothyroidism Underlying Conditions
Hypothyroidism may develop due to the availability of the underlying conditions such as:
- Congenital disease: There are the cases when the babies have congenital thyroid underdevelopment or don’t have thyroid at all. Till now, the scientists haven’t yet determined the reasons causing intrauterine thyroid abnormalities in babies. Sometimes, this may be an inherited medical condition. In the majority of cases, congenital hypothyroidism has no manifestation in infancy. That’s why it’s recommended to perform newborn thyroid screening just after the birth to exclude possible thyroid issues.
- Pituitary disorder: This kind of disorder happens quite rarely. Hypothyroidism develops when the pituitary gland is no longer able to secret a sufficient amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). The cause of this condition is typically the availability of a non-malignant tumor of the pituitary gland. People with pituitary problems including those leading to hypothyroidism often not just undergo prescription pharmaceutical therapy but also take the top-class over-the-counter HGH pills.
- Pregnancy: Sometimes, hypothyroidism afflicts pregnant women or even after the childbirth because the woman’s immune system starts perceiving own thyroid gland as an enemy and hence making antibodies to it. If during pregnancy the woman doesn’t treat hypothyroidism, it may provoke not just mild symptoms like constant fatigue but even lead to miscarriage, premature birth, and preeclampsia. The latter one is a serious condition accompanied with severe headache, high blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, swelling, and much protein in urine that may endanger both the mother’s and baby’s life. Also, hypothyroidism is able to very negatively influence the development of a baby in the uterus.
- Iodine deficiency: Iodine belongs to the essential trace minerals available in the abundance in seaweed, seafood, and iodized salt. Plants, which grow in soil containing much iodine, are also high in this mineral. Iodine deficiency has many own symptoms such as swelling in the neck, hair loss, dry skin, heart rate issues, as well as unexplained body weight gain which may be though corrected with natural fat burners. If the body doesn’t receive enough iodine for quite a long time, this will result in hypothyroidism. Moreover, excessive iodine consumption may exacerbate hypothyroidism in those patients who have already been diagnosed with this disorder. There are the countries where iodine deficiency is traditional due to the country location. In this case, the consumption of iodized salt may excellently serve for the prevention of hypothyroidism and other thyroid-related issues.
Though the mentioned underlying conditions are not the most frequent causes of hypothyroidism, they should be either confirmed or ruled out to prescribe the most effective hypothyroidism treatment. And these underlying conditions themselves pose a serious threat to human health so that they have to be timely identified and treated.
Hypothyroidism Risk Factors
If you wonder how probable it is to develop hypothyroidism in your case, you should be aware what risk factors to take into account.
The very first thing you should know is that age and gender are the two major risk factors. Thus, the probability of being diagnosed with hypothyroidism grows with age. And the likelihood to have this disorder is higher for female gender. In particular, hypothyroidism develops most in women who are in their 50s and older.
There are also the risk factors which exist notwithstanding your age and gender. They include:
- Family history of thyroid medical conditions
- Availability of type 1 diabetes, celiac disease or rheumatoid arthritis
- Intake of anti-thyroid drugs for fighting hyperthyroidism
- Thyroid cancer treatment with radioactive iodine
- Thyroid removal due to thyroid cancer or symptomatic goiter
- Pregnancy or baby delivery within the past half a year
It’s crucial to know own risk factors in order to inform your healthcare provider about these risks and timely undergo thyroid screening and diagnose hypothyroidism before it gets complicated. If your chances of developing hypothyroidism are high, it’s recommended to screen thyroid on a regular basis. If you have hormonal imbalance and take any supplements such as OTC testosterone boosters, you should let your doctor know about this, especially being diagnosed with hypothyroidism.
Also, you should understand that even the availability of numerous risk factors doesn’t mean that you can’t avoid hypothyroidism development. At the same time, even the absence of any risk factors related to thyroid dysfunction can’t protect you against this medical condition.