What Is Pulmonology?
Pulmonology is a medical area that belongs to the internal medicine concentrated exclusively on the diagnostics and treatment of breathing disorders. The troubled respiratory system functioning is the primary focus of this specialty. The respiratory system medical conditions which are within the purview of pulmonology include asthma, emphysema, and respiratory failure. Also, pulmonology cures a range of infectious diseases including pulmonary abscess, pleurisy, pneumonia, and tuberculosis. Tumor syndromes including pleural cancer and lung cancer also fall within the competence of pulmonology.
The spectrum of symptoms an individual is experiencing when having a pulmonary disease varies depending on the pathological changes which happen in the respiratory system. The cough persistency as well as constant difficulty breathing even if there is no physical activity are the most frequent symptoms people complain of when suffering from any lung condition.
Who Is Pulmonologist?
Pulmonologist is a doctor majoring in treating the respiratory system disorders. If you have the problems with any organ of the respiratory system, starting from the windpipe and finishing with the lungs, then a pulmonologist is a medical expert who is sure to help you combat the existing health issue.
The respiratory system is in fact a separate specialty. That’s why the pulmonologists have a possibility to focus even more closely on separate diseases of the respiratory system. Due to this, a pulmonologist may specialize only in treating COPD, pulmonary fibrosis, and asthma. There are also pulmonologists who treat only infants, children, and adolescents, while the others treat only elderly patients.
It’s also important to note that the lung diseases and heart diseases often have the same symptoms and it’s very easy to confuse these symptoms. That’s why the pulmonologists frequently cooperate with the cardiologists when it comes to setting a correct diagnosis.
In addition, people who are in the hospital may also deal with the pulmonologists. For example, if the patients require the life support or have to be manually ventilated since they are unable to breath by themselves, a pulmonologist will also participate in their treatment. In such a case, this medical expert will provide additional care.
What Does a Pulmonologist Do?
Of course, any narrow specialist knows his subject more deeply and more accurately, but without proper knowledge in therapy, a good pulmonologist will not work out.
Therefore, a good therapist is better than a lousy pulmonologist.
For prevention, you need a varied, high-quality diet, rich in vitamins and healthy fats. Take HGH supplements, do not allow hypothermia of the body, excluding smoking (active and passive), and the body will cope.
The help of a pulmonologist is necessary for people with lung diseases, smokers, residents of environmentally disadvantaged areas. Among the most common diagnoses are bronchitis, COPD, pneumonia, pleurisy. Respiratory infections are widespread. They are severe, require long, critical and intensive treatment, and can lead to severe consequences.
Pulmonologists: Role in Lung Disease
The respiratory system is most vulnerable in the fall and winter when the temperature drops below zero and colds are every day.
When to Visit a Pulmonologist
If you started suffering from any untypical symptoms you didn’t deal before, you should first of all resort to the help of your family physician. The healthcare provider will check your overall health, ask you whether you take any medications and diet pills, and find out whether you suffer from any medical conditions at the present moment. The family doctor will send you to a pulmonologist in case you:
- Experience trouble breathing
- Are constantly coughing
- Are coughing up mucus and blood on a constant basis
- Are smoking
- Lose body weight without any reason
- Can’t work out because of breathing issues
What Is Respiratory Disease?
Respiratory disease is an abnormal condition that afflicts different parts of the respiratory system which is mainly comprised of airways, lungs, and respiratory muscles. The respiratory system includes many vitally important organs and tissues which may suffer from the respiratory diseases.
The respiratory diseases are the conditions of varying severity, starting from mild diseases like ordinary cold ending with life-endangering pulmonary embolism, lung cancer, and bacterial pneumonia. Progression of any respiratory disease is gaining pace if a person has obesity which may be relieved due to the intake of the best natural fat burning pills.
Causes of Respiratory Diseases
There are multiple reasons which may lead to the development of respiratory tract disorders. The most frequently observed causes of respiratory diseases include but are not limited to:
- Weakness of immune system
- Negative weather conditions
- Unfavorable climate changes
- Unacceptable air pollution
- Negative influence of tobacco smoke
- Gas and chemical exposure
- Abnormal development of lung tissue in premature babies
- Viral, bacterial, and fungal contamination
Also, obesity may aggravate the situation in all the mentioned cases. Thus, obesity makes chest cavity, lungs, and diaphragm suffer from mechanical compression. Due to the availability of a high amount of unnecessary fat, the total compliance of both lungs reduces, pulmonary resistance grows, and respiratory muscles become much weaker. But the use of the best carb blocker pills may improve the situation and decrease the risk of respiratory disease complications.
Risk Factors for Respiratory Diseases
There is a wide range of risk factors which may drastically increase the probability of any respiratory disease development. It’s possible to distinguish the following major risk factor groups:
- Diet and Nutrition: There are scientific proofs that diet and nutrition have quite a strong influence on the possibility of becoming a respiratory disease sufferer. Both underweight and overweight/obesity make people also run a higher risk of having respiratory diseases.
- Early Life Risk Factors: Early infant’s life may be negatively affected with some risk factors which will contribute to the respiratory health problems in the future in both childhood and adulthood. Thus, while the intake of folic acid by a mother during pregnancy is beneficial for a baby, the use of paracetamol is harmful for the formation of respiratory system. Also, the absence of breastfeeding, childbirth complications, overweight, and poor air quality may be dangerous for the infant’s respiratory system.
- Genetic Factors: There may be a higher risk of suffering from different respiratory diseases if a person inherits some special genes from own parents. There are genes which make people more prone to the development of respiratory diseases. For example, genetic factors can make a person the owner of underperforming immune system. In this case, a person will be much more susceptible to various lung diseases.
- Indoor Air Pollution: A huge number of various substances such as bacteria, viruses, dust mites, mold, dampness, formaldehyde, animal dander, cleaning supplies, household chemicals, etc. not only cause constant headache and ailment but also provoke the occurrence of respiratory diseases inside any buildings and transport vehicles.
- Outdoor Air Pollution: This is a very serious and frequent cause of respiratory diseases. The major sources of such a pollution belong to the emissions from industry, motor vehicles, and solid fuel burning. The outdoor air pollution typically happens due to the abundance of ozone, volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and sulphur dioxide, which deal a devastating blow to the human respiratory system.
- Risk-Related Occupations: Some people work in the environment where their respiratory system is constantly subject to the very aggressive impact of many fumes, gases, smoke, and particles. These people take an extremely high risk to develop even a life-threatening respiratory disease.
- Real Tobacco Smoking: This bad habit dramatically worsens overall health in general and respiratory health in particular. It’s a clinically proven fact that tobacco smoke is loaded with more than 4,000 harmful substances which destroy respiratory organs and may frequently lead to cancer.
- Passive Smoking: There is doesn’t matter that an individual may have no unhealthy habits, go in for sports, and take high-quality OTC testosterone boosters if this individual is constantly suffering from passive smoking. There is now undisputable scientific evidence that passive smoking, which is a sustainable inbreathing tobacco smoke from someone around, for example family members, is no less dangerous for the respiratory system than real smoking.
For both family physicians and pulmonologists, it’s very important to know the risk factors which each particular patient is exposed to. This enables the healthcare providers to correctly appraise these risks and help the patients to timely take necessary preventive measures.
Warning Signs of Respiratory Diseases
There is a range of symptoms which can be the alarm signals indicating the existence of emergency problems with the respiratory system:
- Constant cough: If a cough lasts for eight weeks or even longer, it is classified as chronic. Such a constant cough is an extremely important early sign of troubles with respiratory organs.
- Difficulty breathing: Breathing shouldn’t be hampered long after working out, after insufficient physical load or especially without physical load at all. But if shortness of breath happens in these cases, it may be a health issue.
- Chronic mucus secretion: The airways secret mucus, or phlegm, to protect the respiratory system against different infectious agents and other harmful irritants. The duration of mucus secretion shouldn’t exceed one month. If it does, a person most probably has some respiratory disease.
- Noisy breathing: Normal breath in a healthy person has to be quiet. If a person is wheezing, it means that something disturbs the work of airways, which can become very narrowed or blocked.
- Chronic chest pain: If chest pain of unknown origin continues for longer than a month, especially when accompanied with shortness of breath, it’s a serious reason to visit a doctor.
- Coughing up blood: It’s always a symptom of very serious medical condition, which can be life-threatening. If you notice blood when coughing, you have to instantly seek medical aid.
Airways Respiratory Diseases
The most frequently occurring respiratory diseases which develop in the airways are as follows:
- Asthma: This disease implies chronic inflammation of airways. This inflammation can be accompanied with spasm, provoking difficulty breathing and noisy breathing. Exposure to pollutants, infectious agents, and allergic irritants aggravate asthma manifestations.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): People who have this disease suffer from the inability of normal exhalation. This considerably impedes the breathing function.
- Chronic bronchitis: It a medical condition which is in fact a kind of COPD. This disease is accompanied with a wet cough that may last for a very long time.
- Emphysema: This form of COPD makes it difficult to exhale the air due to the damage of alveoli in the lungs.
- Cystic fibrosis: This disease is characterized with a very complicated sputum discharge. Sputum is so sticky and thick, that may even block airways as well as provoke constant lung infectious diseases.